The Axle Dilemma: A study in Fixed vs Loose axles

GrumpyCloud Friday, 5/6/2022

There are many decisions that go into modifying a diecast race car.  Each one of those decisions has an impact on your car's performance.  I am relatively new to 1:64 racing and still have many questions and a lot to learn.  There are a number of resources online with countless opinions and ideas about what makes a diecast car fast.  However, I have found that most of these opinions are exactly that...opinions.  There are some great videos about the more established world of Pinewood Derby racing, which cite evidence for why certain adjustments make your car faster, but not all of the science is translatable to racing diecast cars.  Primarily, what I like to call, "The axel dilemma."

It seems the most widely held opinion is that securing your axels (fixed down with JB weld) will make your car faster than leaving them loose.  However, I have heard of a few experienced and successfull builders who prefer to run their cars with loose axles.  So which is better?  Why?  I decided to do an experiment to see for myself.

I bought four current mainline Hot Wheels.  Two Ford Focus RS and two 2017 Acura NSX.  I labeled each set of cars 1 and 2 in order to tell them apart.  Initially, right out of the package, I ran each set of cars down my modest track at home.  20 rounds, alternating lanes.  The results were almost identical.  Ford1: 11 wins, Ford2: 9 wins.  Acura1: 9 wins, Acura2: 11 wins.  The stock cars were very similar in speed and performance.

My test track starts with an Orange Track drag section, then turns into Crash Racers open track with a 180 and a loop.  The inside lane is adventageous, so if the cars are equal, whichever one starts there usually wins.  A car can, and does win from the outside lane if it is fast enough to overtake the inside car and beat it to the first corner.

After the initial test race, I drilled out all four cars.  I fixed the axels of Ford2 and Acura1 with JB Weld.  I left the axels of Ford1 and Acura2 loose.  I purposely chose the Ford2 and Acura1 beacue their results were slightly worse than Ford1 and Acura2.  I guessed that if fixed axels are better, the new advantage would be easliy seen in the "slower" cars.  I left out the interiors of the fixed axels cars, but made no other modifications.  Then I secured all four cars back together with screws.

I re-ran the cars, 20 rounds like before, alternating lanes.  The results were staggering.  Ford1: 19 wins, Ford 2: 1 win.  Acura1: 6 wins, Acura2: 14 wins.  There was a marked decrease in speed in the fixed axel cars.  They consistently did not perform as well in the inital drag section of the track and did not beat the loose axel cars to the first corner.

Most surprising to me, was how much slower Ford2's fixed axel wheels seemed to spin.  Initially, when I eyeball tested the cars, spinning each wheel and seeing how long it would turn, they all seemed pretty much the same.  After securing Ford2's axels, the wheels turned for a noticably shorter time when I spun them with my finger.

This is a very small sample size, and by no means comprehensive, but I was surprised at the results.  Has anyone else done experiments like this?  What has been your experience?  

I plan on doing more experiments like this.  I still have lots of questions: What actually makes a "good wheel", is silent really better?  (I've found some really fast, noisy cars)  Does sanding wheels make a significant difference?  (I hope not, because I find it really tedious)



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Discussion

Interesting....very interesting...

Thanks GrumpyCloud for sharing the results of your experiments!

I'm thinking next time you need to glue down one fast car and one slow car. You glued down both slow cars and they both lost so there is no surprise there. Try one of each next time and see if it makes a difference in the faster car. 


  • You are right. I thought about the possibility that maybe fixing "bad axles/wheels" in place only magnifies their defects. If you secure a set of "good axels/wheels" does it do the same thing, but in a positive manner? hmm... — GrumpyCloud
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revhobbies 5/8/22

I actually just did a little test of my own!...  I'll finish editing the video and post it.  The results were.... interesting lol.


  • Oh man, I can't wait to see your results! — GrumpyCloud
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redlinederby 5/8/22
Site manager

I would also suggest doing your glue/no-glue testing on a simple straight drag strip as well, eliminating the randomness of the open section and turns. I think your findings are very interesting and incredibly helpful for anyone building a card...just something to consider if looking for a little more "science" in the data.


  • Definitely. Looks like it's time to go back into the lab! — GrumpyCloud
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DamDiecast 5/9/22

Very intresting, Thanks for sharing.

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revhobbies 5/9/22

Here's a little test that I did that might interest you guys...https://youtu.be/VkEObclRgsQ


  • That's an interesting jig you're using at about the three-minute mark. Could you tell us a little more about it? — SpyDude
  • It's one that I made... it's the type that pulls the axles against the front and rear of the frame. The bearings are there to evenly tension the bands. It pretty much does what the red pill style jig does but because the bands can have more tension on one side or the other when you wrap it around, I figured individual bands would give more even tension and the bearing allow you to spin the rubber band to further even out the tension throughout the entire band. That's the theory behind it anyways lol. — revhobbies

Thank you to all who have contributed, especially Grumpy Cloud for sharing info in the article. Im a beginner & lean towards not securing axles, due to my  belief, the likelihood that axle turning can only help gain in speed. I think however I'll try the experiment also, if I can get a few sets of identical cars out here in the sticks.... Thanks again all!


  • If you do run some experiments, let us know how it turns out. Despite my recent findings, I found one of my latest builds to be slower than I wanted. I tinkered with it, and decided to anchor down the axels. After that, it ran much faster. So...who knows... — GrumpyCloud
  • Will do... Looking forward to experimenting & sharing any info. Ya never know really how a car will turn out.... — G_ForceRacing
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